The Union of Republic of Myanmar is situated in the South East Asia with five neighboring countries – Thailand and Laos to the east and south east, Bangladesh to the west, India to the north- west and China to the north and north-east. The Bay of Bengal and the Adman Sea are the southern boundaries of the country. The country area is 677,000 square kilometers: 936 kilometers from east to west and 2051 kilometers from north to south.
Myanmar is a tropical country and has three main seasons – the hot season from March to May, Raining season from June to October and the cold season from November to February. The precipitation is different according to the region. Central part of the country is mostly dry, hot and gets less rain compared to the other parts of country. The estimated temperatures for the year is as below;
Myanmar culture and tradition
Multi-culture and traditions could be observed in Myanmar since it is united with over 130 ethnic groups all over the country. Although eight major national races are residing in the respective States and eight Regions, some tribal groups are scattering in sub-regions of each State and Region. Each one has its own tradition and culture and thus the diversity of cultural background has been flourishing in this land. With a variety of vibrant and thriving cultures, Myanmar could be thrilling for the visitors who are interested in cultural diversities.
Most families are extended ones with stronger family ties – three or even four generations from grand-parents to children living together in the same family after marriage. Only a few people who do not have family who are able or willing to look after them live in Home for the Aged. Respect and obedience is shown from the young to the elders according to the relationship. The eldest man in the family or the husband is the head of the family, being regarded as ‘the Guardian god of the house’ holding the greatest respect. Traditionally Myanmar people do not have family planning as children are always welcome and are often regarded as ‘the bells of the house’ as saying goes; ‘the more, the merrier for most families’. Elderly people especially grand-parents are treated as treasures of the family.
As Myanmar sits at junction of the two great civilizations, Indian and Chinese, mixed features of the two civilizations can be uniquely found in Myanmar. Wearing logyi (a long cloth worn for lower part of the body, originally Indian) and tite-pone (jacket, originally Chinese) is a glaring example of such blend. It is the only country where most of the population wears their traditional costume not only for special occasions but also for daily wears.
Official Language is Myanmar although some vocabularies of which are also a blend of both Indian and Chinese origins.
Rice is the staple food accompanied with red or white meat, fish, vegetable and soup. Myanmar curries have various tastes – sweet, salty, sour, bitter, spicy and deeply- fried food. The most common traditional dish is preserved fish liquid (fish paste) with fresh, preserved or boiled vegetable. We have principally three meals daily and there is no fixed time for snack. Traditionally, we don't use spoon, folk and knife or chopstick to eat, spoons are put at th dishes and rice is served with well-washed right hand . A part from rice, the most famous traditional food are Mo-hin-ga (fish soup with rice noodle), coconut noodle and La-phet-thoke (Pickled tea-leaf).
Guests are welcome at heart, served with Green tea and snacks like pickled tea leaf, jaggery (palm sugar), cheroots and betel as traditional way of welcoming guests.
This land has long been recognized having religious freedom. However, since the inception of Myanmar political establishment in 11th century, owing to strong cultural interchange with India, Buddhism has been predominant with Christian, Muslim and Animist co-existence. It is also the world’s greatest Propagation Centre of Thaeravada Buddhism with a total of about 500,000 religious servants (monks, novices and nuns). Over 85% of the population are Theravada Buddhists. There are many meditation centers where foreigners can practice meditation, and preaching in English is also available in some centers. Every religion has its own way of maintaining the tradition, practice and religious activities.